Periodontal Disease & Treatment
An infection of the mouth’s gum tissues is known as periodontal disease, or gum disease. Periodontal disease begins as a silent disease that often causes no initial pain or uncomfortable symptoms, but instead slowly causes a deterioration of the supporting tissues in the mouth. Bacteria that are not properly removed from the teeth begin to proliferate, turning into a hardened build-up of plaque on the teeth.
If bacteria are not removed and instead left to continue growing, they can begin to invade the gums and underlying bone. Eventually this causes the gums to become inflamed, sore and reddened in a condition known as gingivitis. As time goes one, untreated gingivitis can worsen, and the gums may even begin to detach from the teeth. This condition is known as periodontitis, and it can result in a loss of teeth and increased risk of other health complications, such as heart attack or stroke.
Although it is manageable with treatment, periodontal disease affects
approximately three in every four American adults – many of whom are
unaware they have the disease at all. Daily oral hygienic habits, such
as brushing and flossing, are primary factors in determining whether
someone is at risk for developing gum disease. Routine dental care –
including frequent professional dental cleanings – goes a long way in
preventing periodontal disease.
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